Subconscious Mind - Breaking Free from Self-Made Barriers
Related Articles || Published in Journals

Published in 8 Journals

This article has been published as an academic paper in over 8 international management journals like Educational Psychology & Cognition eJournal, Psychology of Innovation eJournal, Emerging Research within Organizational Behavior eJournal, Philosophy of Mind eJournal, Cognitive Psychology eJournal, etc.

Click here to see full list of journals with Issue date and Issue number.


We may be far from truth when we say, "I have full control over my actions". Not all actions are results of our conscious decisions. Most of our actions are results of what I call "Mental Reflex Actions™" which are controlled by our subconscious mind, and on which we have little control. This realisation can help us get insights into ourselves and people's behavior, thereby enriching both our personal and professional lives. It can help us break free from our hidden self-made barriers.


We all think we know ourselves very well. We think our behaviour and actions are controlled. We may be far from truth when we say, "I have full control over my actions". You will be surprised to know that most of us have very little control on our actions. We are driven to do what we do, and we are not in control. Unbelievable but true. Prem Kamble tells you how and why.

Not all actions are results of our conscious decisions. Most of our actions are results of what Prem calls Mental Reflex Actions which are controlled by our subconscious mind, and on which we have little control. This insight can help us better understand people and improve relations both in our personal and professional lives.

The paper explains human behaviour in light of the controllable and the uncontrollable behaviour. It explains the meaning of subconscious mind, what goes in our subconscious mind, the unfathomable nature of what goes in the subconscious mind and how to know your subconscious mind. It explains what the "Subconscious Rule Book" is and how our life is run based on this rule book, of which our conscious mind may not be even aware. Most of us live our entire life without knowing what is there in our subconscious rule book.

Uncovering your subconscious mind is the key to know yourself better, and can help you both in your professional and personal life. It can help you understand people around you - your subordinates and colleagues in office and your friends and relatives in personal life. Most importantly, understanding your subconscious mind can help you break free from your self-made barriers.

You can understand other people well when you know yourself well. It can thus help improve your people management skills at work and your interpersonal relations.

The key to understanding others is to know your inner self.

We Have no Control on Our Actions

Most of us would vouch for ourselves: "My behavior is controlled." "I am in control of myself". You will be surprised to know that most often, we have very little control over our actions. We are driven to behave the way we do, and we are seldom in command.

Unbelievable, but true. When we think before we decide or act, we do so with our conscious mind. But life is full of decisions and actions at every step. Every moment, our mind is busy analyzing and making split-second decisions. What you are doing now is a result of your decision to do so. Do you know how you arrived at this decision? Not really - not all actions are results of our conscious decisions. Most often, they are controlled by the subconscious mind. We have little or no control on the actions which are governed by our subconscious mind.

Understanding subconscious mind and how it impacts our behavior can help us better understand ourselves and be at peace with oneself. It can also help us understand other people and improve our relations with them.


What is Subconscious Mind?

One example often used to explain the subconscious mind is the process of car driving. Initially when you are learning to drive, you have full concentration on the gear, the clutch, etc. You are all concentration on the process of driving; you look at every pothole, every bump, and every obstacle. As you get trained on driving, the act goes into your subconscious mind and you tend to drive without making a conscious effort to drive. You automatically avoid the obstacles, you change gears when required while you could be doing umpteen other things at the same time. As you drive, you could be talking to your companion sitting beside you, listening to the music and observing the countryside.

Fig. 1: The path you follow to drive while avoiding potholes

As you practice driving again and again, you make decisions automatically and you drive instinctively. Driving decisions and actions go out of the conscious mind to the subconscious mind.

After you have reached the destination, if you ask yourself which potholes or bumps you crossed on the way, you may not remember as you did not even notice when you actually slowed down and possibly changed gear to cross the bump. You did all that without being conscious of it.

Another good way to understand the subconscious mind is through the example of an elephant in a circus. Some of you may have noticed that the huge elephants in the circus are tied with a chain to a small stick dug in the ground (called a stake). The mighty elephant can easily pull the stake and run away. But it does not do so. The moment it is tied to the stake, it remains put. Now why does the elephant do so?

When the elephant was small, it was tied with the same chain to the same stake. It then tried to run away, but could not break free. It pulled and pulled till it pained and its feet bled. It did that again and again, and finally gave up. The thought of blood and fear of pain drove it to believe that it cannot break free when tied to the stake. Repeated attempts to break free only reinforced the belief and slowly it went into the subconscious mind.

Now years later, though the elephant has grown up and has enough strength to uproot the stake, it doesn't do so. It remains within the radius of the chain. The subconscious mind controls the actions and behaviour of the elephant for the rest of its life, just as it controls your actions when you drive.

Yet another way to understand the subconscious mind is to do the following simple exercise. Hold your palm up horizontally in front of your face. Now close your eyes and imagine that you have a lemon on your palm right before your eyes. I would urge that you actually do this before you read any further.

Did you experience your mouth watering when you imagined a lemon in your palm? The conscious mind knows that there is no lemon and that it is only an imagination. The subconscious mind is illogical and immediately believes what is in the conscious mind and as a result your mouth waters.

The conscious mind is logical and analytical, whereas the subconscious mind is illogical.

Comments   Top

What Goes into our Subconscious Mind?

Similar to the example of driving a car on a road avoiding potholes, we have been driving down our life's journey - a journey which we started as a kid. There were various obstacles and potholes in our life's journey, and we crossed them all - but with important learning all along the way.

Based on whether our actions had positive or negative impact on us, we also made important judgements and decisions on do's and don'ts in life, things we should do and what we should not. We made our own inferences on where the life's potholes and bumps lie, what they look like, and what you should do in life to either avoid or manage them. We formed opinions and passed judgements about ourselves, about people around us; about what type of people are good and what type of people are bad. We accumulated some learning and created our behavioural ground rules or a rule-book. This rule-book is the foundation of our beliefs and biases which we carry all our life.

All of us made conclusions about people based on their looks. Just because that person with long nose and grey eyes we met was bad, our brain concluded that all men with long nose and grey eyes are bad. A rule was written in the rule-book.

Whenever we got into situations or faced conditions which resulted in unpleasant experiences, our brain worked out ways to avoid such situations by retracting, withdrawing, eluding, evading or staying clear of them. For instance, you went to a party and got into an embarrassing situation, or someone made an unpleasant comment about you - you made a judgement about yourself and added another rule in your rule book - never to go to parties again. A few repetetions of similar incidents, and the rule got written in stone in your subconscious rule book.

We have actually identified the potholes on the path of our life. These potholes are situations or conditions which led to embarrassment or unpleasant experiences. Or they are people with some particular physical traits, etc. which we have concluded to be 'bad guys' to be avoided. As we drive through our life's journey, we make sure that we avoid these potholes.

If some of these experiences get repeated, may be purely by chance, our beliefs get the support that we subconsciously try to seek: "See, didn't I tell you so?", "See, I was right!"- we tell ourselves. We thus keep reinforcing our beliefs and rules, however illogical they may be. Just as the act of car driving goes into our subconscious mind by frequent repetitions, a great deal of judgements and rules created by our brain get pushed into our subconscious mind by repeated reinforcement. And once they enter the subconscious mind, they remain active throughout our life though invisible to the conscious mind, like our driving skills.

Fig. 2: The path we follow in our Life's journey while avoiding mental potholes

These rules get so firmly set in our subconscious mind that when we see a person with the characteristics we defined in our subconscious rule book, we automatically react in a specific way defined in our rule book, and we don't even notice that we reacted as per the rule book. Just as we drive the car while avoiding the potholes and slowing down for bumps without really noticing them with our conscious mind, we tread the life's path avoiding imaginary potholes, slowing down on bumps that we defined without even realizing that we do so, without realizing why we do what we do. Just as while we drive a car our brain makes several hundred decisions every moment without our conscious mind knowing it, we make numerous decisions every moment in our life and we obviously don't make them with the conscious mind. These decisions are based on the knowledge base and rule-book stored in our subconscious mind. Like the physical reflex actions that we very well know about, these are what I call the Mental Reflex Actions™ (discussed later). Our behavior therefore is not a voluntary behavior but largely governed by involuntary actions. And we call ourselves highly balanced people acting on conscious decisions.

When we are driving the vehicle of our life today, we actually drive topsy-turvy, because of the mental potholes which we have defined right from our childhood. Like in the case of the elephant, these potholes may not be there now because of the changed conditions, or possibly never existed at all. We could have erred in our judgement and enacted bumps where there exist none. We still try to avoid those mental pot holes or slow down for bumps without noticing either the imaginary potholes and bumps, or our topsy-turvy driving.

You may have experienced sometimes that you act in a way and then the very next moment, you ask yourself, "Hey, now why did I do what I did?" Most likely, you did so because of a mental pothole. You will be surprised to know that actually the situations may have changed, conditions in your life may have changed, your own abilities have changed, but you were simply reacting to a mental pothole the way your mind has got conditioned to react to it.

Subconscious Rules and the Rule Book

By the time we are adults, we would have accumulated a huge list of rules, almost written a volume of Rule book. Like in the case of the elephant, most of our rules are restrictive, they tie us down. They act like barriers and stop us from acting. And since we feel so good when we are proved right, we subconsciously seek situations and even create conditions to prove the rules right. We almost fall in love with our rule book. Throughout our life, we keep adding rules to create a huge book of rules. I call it "The Subconscious Rule Book".

A good way to understand our subconscious rules is by going back to our example of the elephant tied to a stake.

In that example, the baby elephant pulled and pulled till its feet bled and pained. It did that again and again, and finally gave up. It was then that it wrote its rule on stone: "When you are tied to a stake, stay put". Repeated attempts to break free only reinforced the rule and slowly it went into the subconscious rule book.

Let us go deeper to understand the rules and the rule book by analyzing the rule that the elephant wrote: "When you are tied to a stake, stay put."

Actually if we look deeper, every rule has two parts, as will be clear from Fig. 3:

  1. Rule Title - One line Actionable Rule: Actionable summary of the Rule for Instant Action (If this [condition], then do this [action].)
  2. Rule Justification - "BECAUSE": Detailed Rule explanation. The justification for the title, or the logic behind the rule.

Fig. 3: The Rule that the Elephant wrote

Now let us see how this rule book governs our actions and lives. An analogy of how businesses run comes in handy to understand this.

In business organisations, you have a hierarchy of managers. Normally, the senior managers define the policies and rules, and the junior employees follow them. Theirs is not to question why, but simply follow as per the instruction. This in a way speeds up decision making, as junior officers can make decisions based on the rules and decide what action to take. This improves efficiency of businesses and appears to be the right way to function. The senior brains are not disturbed time and again, as they may be busy analyzing logically and formulating more important decisions for the future. The senior brains are more expensive too, and they don't waste their time on petty decision making for which rules are clearly set and lesser brains can execute them. Organizations also therefore have a rule book, which is called a policy document.

We can also use the analogy of the computer. A programmer decides the logic and codes it into a program. A program is a set of instructions specifying "what to do when". The program is then fed to the computer. The computer CPU simply executes the rules and instructions as defined by the programmer in the program, The computer, like a dumb person, follows the instructions whether right or wrong, without questioning.

In humans, obviously, the "Rule Details" part of our rule was made by the conscious mind, as it is logical and analytical. The conscious mind, therefore, is equivalent to the senior officers of a business organization. Once the rules are made, the conscious mind hands over the rule book to the subconscious mind (Fig. 4). Since the conscious mind is ever busy, and our brain has to make umpteen quick decisions every moment, the subconscious mind comes to help and acts like the junior officers to swiftly act based on the rule book.

So what does the subconscious mind do? It only looks at the title of the rule (IF..THEN..) and instantly acts as per the rule. It never bothers to even look at the second part of the rule, i.e. the "Because" or detailed justification for the action. Probably the subconscious mind does not even have access to the detailed explanation or justification of the rule. In businesses too, the policy document only has the rules, it does not contain any "why" or justification of the rule. The junior officers only follow the rule without being given details of the detailed reasoning for the rule. The subconscious mind simply executes the rules, and it does a super quick and super-efficient job. Meanwhile the conscious mind remains undisturbed.


Fig. 4: The Rule and the Conscious/Sub-conscious Mind

This process, like in businesses, improves our decision making ability, so seems to be an excellent way of functioning. But there is a huge problem.

The Problem with the Subconscious Rule Book

The problem is that we started making these judgements very early in our life when we were kids and had neither the capability to truly assess the situations, nor the maturity to make decisions. But based on our kid-brains, we did make some important precepts about do's and don'ts in life.

It is said that by the age of 9, our rule book is complete. Since most of the rules are written in our childhood by our kid brain, they are mostly illogical.

Just as the act of car driving goes into our subconscious mind, our judgements and rules created by our kid brain get pushed and hidden into our subconscious mind by repeated reinforcement before we mature and analyze them with our mature conscious brain. The conscious mind is not even aware of these rules and our subconscious brain has been merrily using these rules to drive our lives.

Sometimes, and very rarely, the title of the rule may get into the conscious mind, but the details part of the rule gets very rarely noticed by the conscious mind. Most often, the entire rule book is outside the conscious awareness of the conscious mind.

The big question is then, how do we get our conscious mind to get conscious of our rule book? It is extremely difficult, though there are methods which are obviously not easy. Most of us live our entire life without being aware of the rules in our rule book.

Mental Reflex Action™

A large part of our irrationality is attributed to our subconscious mind. Our irrationality is due to what I call the Mental Reflex Action, similar to the physical reflex action that we are all familiar with. Physical reflex action is a result of a command to react before the message reaches our rational brain, before we are aware of the action. Mental reflex action results when the result is a split-second 'mechanical' reaction based on our subconscious rule book. The brain makes a quick reference to the rule book and like a computerized output pulls out and executes the resultant action. Since we make several split second decisions every moment, the subconscious rule book helps us to get instant decisions without the delay of conscious reasoning every time there is a stimulus. It is a different matter that most of the rules in this book have been written in our childhood with obvious biases.

There is a major difference between the physical reflex action and the mental reflex action. While, in case of physical reflex action, we become conscious of the reaction in a few moments after the reaction, we may never be even aware of the reactions of our mental reflex action. Hence the irrational rule book never gets revised or corrected.

Comments   Top

The Subconscious Pain Points

All of us have in our minds a list of our own qualities about which we feel we are "not OK". These could be qualities that relate to your looks or complexion, or your abilities or your very nature. They fall under two categories: those which make you feel inferior, and those which you don't care a hoot about, or in other words, they don't really make you feel low. There are those for which we have a complex and we feel hurt when we are reminded of our shortcomings. We have heartburn when we think of our own failings, and are even ashamed to admit our weakness. There are some about which we can comfortably admit our weakness and say "I am not OK" or "I am not good at this", and have no real pangs of conscience while saying it.

Most of our unnatural or abnormal behavior is due to the second category of "Not OK" items in us.

These are items of which we formed some opinion about ourselves ("I am not OK") in our childhood, and then they got reinforced into our subconscious mind. Or these could be associated with some embarrassing experiences when we had to be ashamed of our own self, creating a "Not OK" verdict about ourselves. These are things which we would like to forget about and not think of - we almost try to banish these thoughts and memories and push them under the carpet. They may go out of our conscious mind, but remain in our subconscious mind. These are our subconscious pain points.

When you have a pain in the stomach, the doctor checks you by poking his fingers at various points asking you whether it pains. It may not pain when the doctor presses at different points, and suddenly when he presses at a particular point, you scream in pain. Similarly, each one of us has pain points in our personality or character. These pain points are those aspects where we feel "I am not OK" (or, in other words, we have an inferiority complex). We go through several incidents and experiences in life which prick different parts of your personality causing little or no pain, whereas there are some incidents which poke you on your subconscious pain points and you scream with pain. Your behavior is the most unpredictable and uncontrolled when you are ruffled up on any of your subconscious pain points. Incidents in life or comments of people around you may continuously touch your conscience, but you may not react till it pricks on the subconscious pain point and then the reaction is again almost explosive.

Since the subconscious pain points are different for different persons, different people may react to same stimuli differently. Whereas one is deeply hurt by a comment, someone else may not care a damn. You may have noticed that when the same derogatory comment is made to a group of people (or a group of students), some get terribly upset (some may even get driven to suicide) and the rest may not be affected at all.

When we experience these subconscious pain points, we are overcome with some strange senses and our reaction may not be very controlled. These could well be the same feelings and sensations that you first had when you had the unpleasant experience as a kid, and which you all along tried to push under the carpet and banish from your mind. In such situations, we become absolutely helpless in our actions. We are totally driven and not in control. Whenever we face that situation which touches our subconscious pain point, we always compulsively react with very little control. However hard we try and decide to act differently, when it comes to the real moment, we are helplessly overcome by that same sensation and feeling and we act predictably (against our wish) driven by our subconscious mind.

All of us have "pain points". And hence all of us have our idiosyncrasies. Whenever these pain points are disturbed by some stimulus (which most often is a comment made by somebody about you), we react sharply. This shows the driven-ness of our behavior - we are driven to some behavior and are absolutely helpless in these circumstances. However hard we may like to behave differently, our actions are orchestrated by our subconscious mind.

An insight into this aspect of human behavior can spare us a lot of heartburn about our own and other people's behavior.

Whenever you get upset, you tend to blame it on others or external factors. That is far from true. It is YOU who has upset you. Whenever you are annoyed or piqued, it is not on account of any external factor, but because of your own inferiority complex - because of the deep-seated pain points within.

Comments   Top

How to Uncover Your Subconscious Pain Points

The pain points in our subconscious mind are hidden in some remote corner of our mind under some self-imposed cover. We prefer to keep them under cover since most of these are recordings of unpleasant experiences which we would like to forget. The difficult part is to discover these unpleasant memories hidden in our subconscious mind. Once discovered, you can possibly work to remove them. But how do you uncover these hidden pain points, how do you uncover your subconscious mind?

I recommend the following exercise which can help to discover and eradicate some unpleasant recordings from our subconscious mind which influence our behavior:

Whenever you experience an unpleasantness, like an incident which made you angry, embarrassed, or uneasy, just sit back in a relaxed mood any time later when you are your normal self. Close your eyes and recreate the same situation (in your mind's eyes) which made you angry, embarrassed or unpleasant. Imagine that situation in great details. Almost re-live the same moments and keep noticing the thoughts in your mind. Notice the sensations in your body, any sensation in the stomach or any part of the body as you re-live the old unpleasant experience of the day. Again and again keep asking yourself - "What are the thoughts in the mind NOW, what are the sensations in different parts of the body RIGHT NOW?" All you need to do is simply observe and acknowledge these thoughts, feelings and sensations without reacting. You are sure to discover some strange hidden realities of yourself. You will be able to uncover some under-cover parts of your subconscious mind. You will most likely discover some extremely illogical thoughts which triggered your anger or outburst leading to that unpleasant experience.

This exercise would be incomplete unless we understand and follow an extremely important rule of this exercise. Remember that when you start noticing your thoughts, you may uncover some thoughts and experiences which may be extremely unpleasant. The process may also throw up some thoughts and memories which show you in bad light, which may embarrass you and which may be extremely painful. You may feel ashamed of yourself. This exercise will touch your subconscious pain points and throw up all those unpleasant things which you have banished from your mind and pushed under the carpet. It is extremely important that you do not react to these thoughts and feelings, just observe them and do nothing about them. It is very likely that you may unconsciously try to shoo away these thoughts, as you have been doing all your life. What is most important is to experience without any reaction these painful thoughts, sensations and feelings. Silently observe them without reacting.

This was an offline exercise where you recreated the situation after the incident. After practicing this as many times as you can, the next step would be to practice something similar real-time. Doing this exercise real-time would mean doing the same thing when you are in the thick of the act and not afterwards by recreating the situation. When you are about to enter an unpleasant situation, say you are about to get angry, just watch your thoughts and sensations. As before, simply watch your thought and do nothing. You are sure to discover something new about yourself. Something deep-seated in your subconscience may surface and surprise you.

The Learning - Our Behavior is Driven by our Subconscious Mind

We do few things out of conscious mind, whereas most of our actions are dependent on the subconscious mind. They are like reflex action in some ways, but different in many ways. In case of physical reflex action, there is some action or disturbance in or around you, and before you know or you realize it, your body reacts to the disturbance. But immediately after the physical reflex action, you know how your body has reacted. However in case of subconscious behavior or the Mental Reflex Action™, most often, our conscious mind is not even aware that we have reacted to certain subconscious stimuli.

There is a very important lesson to be learnt about our relationship with people based on the above discussions. This learning should help us judge people better and react to people more realistically and empathetically. How often have you got upset by the reactions and behavior of someone known to you or dear to you? You got upset because you felt that he or she did it intentionally to upset you, to offend you, or to settle scores with you.

Your reaction to people will be more sympathetic and humane if you realize that we are all slaves to our subconscious mind. The person who upset you may not be behaving intentionally, it may be an involuntary reaction triggered by his/her pain point, and not an intentional calculated move to upset you. He/she may not be in control, just as you have been helpless under some situations and conditions. If you appreciate that all of us (including you) are puppets to circumstances and rarely in control, you will understand people better.

The simple learning is, "Empathize with people". If we realize that the other guy's actions are as irrational as mine, it may help us understand people better and empathize with them. If you think someone has wronged you, you always thought it was by design - and that is the beginning of a crack in your relationship. If you appreciate that his actions are often as involuntary as yours, you can save relations.

We need to learn to admit, "After all, I am as unpredictable as you are."

It is said that the while the conscious mind is logical and analytical, the subconscious mind is illogical. And since most of our behavior is governed by the subconscious mind, you can imagine what will be the outcome.

Brave New World - A Peep into the Future

Where we stand today, we are not even aware of this subconscious rule book, leave alone knowing what is written in the rule book. As stated earlier, most of us live our entire life without knowing our subconscious rule book. Today, all we can do is try our best using not-so-easy methods to uncover the hidden subconscious rule book, discover the messy rules which have gone into the book, and try to break free from our bondages.

But with our ever increasing span of knowledge and progress in science, I almost feel confident that man will in future invent methods to overcome this problem of an illogical subconscious rule book.

I believe that since unthinkable things have been achieved by science and technology, we should think of the unthinkable for future possibilities. Only visualizing the unthinkable can pave the way to new discoveries.

I visualize a world where man would have found means to retrieve this rule book, read the rules which were written by our kid brain, re-analyse with our adult brain and rewrite the corrected rules. My optimistic mind thinks that if not today, man will advance to a level where there will be a method to rewrite our subconscious (irrational) rule book. This is only phase 1 of an advanced solution. We can think of a more advanced solution in phase 2.

In the above solution in phase 1, we allowed the rule book to get populated with illogical rules, allowed it to get buried in our subconscious mind and then uncovered it to rewrite the rules. But why allow the illogical rules to be written in the subconscious rule book in the first place? In phase 2, with advanced scientific know-how, man will invent methods to prevent illogical rules getting into the rule book even in our childhood. If we prevent illogical rules from getting into the rule book, there will be no need to correct the book later.

To leave your comments below or write to me, please Click here.

Go Top

eJournals where this article has been published

This article has been published as an academic paper in the following eJournals/Issues. You may need to login to site to view details of these journals. At this link at ssrn site, however, you can read the abstract of the paper and also download a pdf copy of the article. You do not need to log in to do so.

Go Top

copyright © 2001 Prem Kamble (Updated 2021)

Home        Top       

comments powered by Disqus

Pls use the Comments box above to submit comments.